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Q&A What explains Arabic "Greater Etymology"?

0 answers  ·  posted 2y ago by user53100‭  ·  edited over 1 year ago by user53100‭

Question etymology
#4: Nominated for promotion by user avatar Moshi‭ · 2021-01-26T17:50:38Z (over 1 year ago)
#3: Post edited by user avatar user53100‭ · 2021-01-14T12:35:23Z (over 1 year ago)
clarified intent, i didn't really want new literature, but really a newer take on this
  • Recent literature on Arabic "Greater Etymology"
  • What explains Arabic "Greater Etymology"?
  • [This article](https://www.learnarabiconline.com/greater-etymology/) discusses "Greater Etymology" (الاشتقاق الكبير) in Arabic, which "recognizes the common meanings words with different base letters share," as opposed to "Lesser Etymology" (or morphology, as it is also referred to), which "works at the level of a set of base letters and [...] recognizes the common meanings that different words with the same root letters share."
  • Using examples (from my understanding of the article), Lesser Etymology would discuss the relation between a root word, ق و ل (q-w-l), and its derived forms, like the ones listed [here](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%82_%D9%88_%D9%84#Arabic "Wiktionary - ق و ل"), such as [تَقَوَّلَ (taqawwala)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D8%AA%D9%82%D9%88%D9%84#Arabic) and [مَقَال (maqāl)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%85%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%84#Arabic).
  • However, Greater Etymology goes a step further and finds the relations between several root words. One example given in the article is the related meanings of all the roots formed by permutations of the letters ق و ل (q w l), that is, the roots ق و ل (q-w-l), ق ل و (q-l-w), و ق ل (w-q-l), و ل ق (w-l-q), ل و ق (l-w-q), and ل ق و (l-q-w) all "give the abstract connotation of nimbleness and haste." There are other ways of connecting root words given in the article. One instead of comparing the permutations of the root letters, assesses the "occurrence of a specific letter in the same position of different bases."
  • The article sources the millenium-old book of Abu l-Fatḥ ʿUthmān b. Jinnī or ابن جني ([Arabic Wikipedia](https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%86_%D8%AC%D9%86%D9%8A)), al-Khaṣā’iṣ or الخصائص, accessible on [Arabic Wikisource](https://ar.wikisource.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%B5).
  • ---
  • Is there recent literature that discusses Arabic's "Greater Etymology"? I'm interested in knowing what explains these relations between different roots.
  • [This article](https://www.learnarabiconline.com/greater-etymology/) discusses "Greater Etymology" (الاشتقاق الكبير) in Arabic, which "recognizes the common meanings words with different base letters share," as opposed to "Lesser Etymology" (or morphology, as it is also referred to), which "works at the level of a set of base letters and [...] recognizes the common meanings that different words with the same root letters share."
  • Using examples (from my understanding of the article), Lesser Etymology would discuss the relation between a root word, ق و ل (q-w-l), and its derived forms, like the ones listed [here](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%82_%D9%88_%D9%84#Arabic "Wiktionary - ق و ل"), such as [تَقَوَّلَ (taqawwala)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D8%AA%D9%82%D9%88%D9%84#Arabic) and [مَقَال (maqāl)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%85%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%84#Arabic).
  • However, Greater Etymology goes a step further and finds the relations between several root words. One example given in the article is the related meanings of all the roots formed by permutations of the letters ق و ل (q w l), that is, the roots ق و ل (q-w-l), ق ل و (q-l-w), و ق ل (w-q-l), و ل ق (w-l-q), ل و ق (l-w-q), and ل ق و (l-q-w) all "give the abstract connotation of nimbleness and haste." There are other ways of connecting root words given in the article. One instead of comparing the permutations of the root letters, assesses the "occurrence of a specific letter in the same position of different bases."
  • The article sources the millenium-old book of Abu l-Fatḥ ʿUthmān b. Jinnī or ابن جني ([Arabic Wikipedia](https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%86_%D8%AC%D9%86%D9%8A)), al-Khaṣā’iṣ or الخصائص, accessible on [Arabic Wikisource](https://ar.wikisource.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%B5).
  • ---
  • Is this just coincidence? If not, what explains these relations between different roots? Or how did they come to be?
#2: Post edited by user avatar user53100‭ · 2020-10-30T12:06:38Z (almost 2 years ago)
clarified what i want as per Hanika's comment
  • [This article](https://www.learnarabiconline.com/greater-etymology/) discusses "Greater Etymology" (الاشتقاق الكبير) in Arabic, which "recognizes the common meanings words with different base letters share," as opposed to "Lesser Etymology" (or morphology, as it is also referred to), which "works at the level of a set of base letters and [...] recognizes the common meanings that different words with the same root letters share."
  • Using examples (from my understanding of the article), Lesser Etymology would discuss the relation between a root word, ق و ل (q-w-l), and its derived forms, like the ones listed [here](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%82_%D9%88_%D9%84#Arabic "Wiktionary - ق و ل"), such as [تَقَوَّلَ (taqawwala)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D8%AA%D9%82%D9%88%D9%84#Arabic) and [مَقَال (maqāl)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%85%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%84#Arabic).
  • However, Greater Etymology goes a step further and finds the relations between several root words. One example given in the article is the related meanings of all the roots formed by permutations of the letters ق و ل (q w l), that is, the roots ق و ل (q-w-l), ق ل و (q-l-w), و ق ل (w-q-l), و ل ق (w-l-q), ل و ق (l-w-q), and ل ق و (l-q-w) all "give the abstract connotation of nimbleness and haste." There are other ways of connecting root words given in the article. One is instead of comparing the permutations of the root letters, assesses the "occurrence of a specific letter in the same position of different bases."
  • The article sources the millenium-old book of Abu l-Fatḥ ʿUthmān b. Jinnī or ابن جني ([Arabic Wikipedia](https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%86_%D8%AC%D9%86%D9%8A)), al-Khaṣā’iṣ or الخصائص, accessible on [Arabic Wikisource](https://ar.wikisource.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%B5).
  • ---
  • Is there recent literature that discusses Arabic's "Greater Etymology"? I'm interested to know universal and applicable it is.
  • [This article](https://www.learnarabiconline.com/greater-etymology/) discusses "Greater Etymology" (الاشتقاق الكبير) in Arabic, which "recognizes the common meanings words with different base letters share," as opposed to "Lesser Etymology" (or morphology, as it is also referred to), which "works at the level of a set of base letters and [...] recognizes the common meanings that different words with the same root letters share."
  • Using examples (from my understanding of the article), Lesser Etymology would discuss the relation between a root word, ق و ل (q-w-l), and its derived forms, like the ones listed [here](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%82_%D9%88_%D9%84#Arabic "Wiktionary - ق و ل"), such as [تَقَوَّلَ (taqawwala)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D8%AA%D9%82%D9%88%D9%84#Arabic) and [مَقَال (maqāl)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%85%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%84#Arabic).
  • However, Greater Etymology goes a step further and finds the relations between several root words. One example given in the article is the related meanings of all the roots formed by permutations of the letters ق و ل (q w l), that is, the roots ق و ل (q-w-l), ق ل و (q-l-w), و ق ل (w-q-l), و ل ق (w-l-q), ل و ق (l-w-q), and ل ق و (l-q-w) all "give the abstract connotation of nimbleness and haste." There are other ways of connecting root words given in the article. One instead of comparing the permutations of the root letters, assesses the "occurrence of a specific letter in the same position of different bases."
  • The article sources the millenium-old book of Abu l-Fatḥ ʿUthmān b. Jinnī or ابن جني ([Arabic Wikipedia](https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%86_%D8%AC%D9%86%D9%8A)), al-Khaṣā’iṣ or الخصائص, accessible on [Arabic Wikisource](https://ar.wikisource.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%B5).
  • ---
  • Is there recent literature that discusses Arabic's "Greater Etymology"? I'm interested in knowing what explains these relations between different roots.
#1: Initial revision by user avatar user53100‭ · 2020-08-07T06:59:03Z (about 2 years ago)
Recent literature on Arabic "Greater Etymology"
[This article](https://www.learnarabiconline.com/greater-etymology/) discusses "Greater Etymology" (الاشتقاق الكبير) in Arabic, which "recognizes the common meanings words with different base letters share," as opposed to "Lesser Etymology" (or morphology, as it is also referred to), which "works at the level of a set of base letters and [...] recognizes the common meanings that different words with the same root letters share."

Using examples (from my understanding of the article), Lesser Etymology would discuss the relation between a root word, ق و ل (q-w-l), and its derived forms, like the ones listed [here](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%82_%D9%88_%D9%84#Arabic "Wiktionary - ق و ل"), such as [تَقَوَّلَ (taqawwala)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D8%AA%D9%82%D9%88%D9%84#Arabic) and [مَقَال (maqāl)](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D9%85%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%84#Arabic).

However, Greater Etymology goes a step further and finds the relations between several root words. One example given in the article is the related meanings of all the roots formed by permutations of the letters ق و ل (q w l), that is, the roots ق و ل (q-w-l), ق ل و (q-l-w), و ق ل (w-q-l), و ل ق (w-l-q), ل و ق (l-w-q), and ل ق و (l-q-w) all "give the abstract connotation of nimbleness and haste." There are other ways of connecting root words given in the article. One is instead of comparing the permutations of the root letters, assesses the "occurrence of a specific letter in the same position of different bases."

The article sources the millenium-old book of Abu l-Fatḥ ʿUthmān b. Jinnī or ابن جني ([Arabic Wikipedia](https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%86_%D8%AC%D9%86%D9%8A)), al-Khaṣā’iṣ or الخصائص, accessible on [Arabic Wikisource](https://ar.wikisource.org/wiki/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%B5).

---

Is there recent literature that discusses Arabic's "Greater Etymology"? I'm interested to know universal and applicable it is.