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Q&A

How did 'in-' + 'putare' compound to mean 'to attribute, credit to'?

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I quote Etymonline on impute (v.):

early 15c., from Old French imputer, emputer (14c.)
and directly from Latin imputare "to reckon, make account of, charge, ascribe,"
from assimilated form of in- "in, into" (from PIE root *en "in")(2)) +
putare "to trim, prune; reckon, clear up, settle (an account)," from PIE *puto- "cut, struck," suffixed form of root *pau- (2) "to cut, strike, stamp" (see pave).

  1. Please see the title overhead, which is my first question. This answer on Linguistics SE expounds putare's semantic field. But how do the denotations in putare appertain to "to attribute, credit to"?

  2. To wit, how did the prefix in- transmogrify "trim, prune; reckon, clear up" into "attribute, credit to'?

  3. What exactly does the prefix 'in-' in imputare mean?

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