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Q&A

Why did linguists impute Proto-Italic *moini-, *moinos- "duty, obligation, task" 🡺 to PIE root *mei- (1) "to change, go, move"?

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What semantic notions underlie Proto-Italic *moini-, *moinos- "duty, obligation, task," 🢂 with PIE root *mei- (1) "to change, go, move"? How do they semantically appertain each other?

I quote from merely one para. on "municipal (adj.)" on Etymonline.

The first element is from munus (plural munia) "service performed for the community, duty, work," also "public spectacle paid for by the magistrate, (gladiatorial) entertainment, gift," from Old Latin moenus "service, duty, burden,"
from Proto-Italic *moini-, *moinos- "duty, obligation, task,"
from PIE root *mei- (1) "to change, go, move," with derivatives referring to the exchange of goods and functions or obligations within a society as regulated by custom or law.

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4 comment threads

x-post https://www.reddit.com/r/classics/comments/w5zntr/why_impute_protoitalic_moini_moinos_duty/ (1 comment)
x-post https://www.reddit.com/r/IndoEuropean/comments/w1p1s5/why_did_linguists_impute_protoitalic_moi... (1 comment)
x-post https://www.reddit.com/r/HistoricalLinguistics/comments/w1p4u9/why_did_linguists_impute_protoi... (1 comment)
x-post https://www.reddit.com/r/ProtoIndoEuropean/comments/thqcnq/why_did_linguists_impute_protoitali... (1 comment)

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