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Q&A

Why did linguists impute Proto-Italic *moini-, *moinos- "duty, obligation, task" — to PIE root *mei- (1) "to change, go, move"?

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What semantic notions underlie Proto-Italic *moini-, *moinos- "duty, obligation, task," — with PIE root *mei- (1) "to change, go, move"? Semantically, they feel unrelated!

I quote from merely one para. on Etymonline for municipal (adj.).

The first element is from munus (plural munia) "service performed for the community, duty, work," also "public spectacle paid for by the magistrate, (gladiatorial) entertainment, gift," from Old Latin moenus "service, duty, burden," from Proto-Italic *moini-, *moinos- "duty, obligation, task," from PIE root *mei- (1) "to change, go, move," with derivatives referring to the exchange of goods and functions or obligations within a society as regulated by custom or law.

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